Relationship between fine particulate air pollution and ischaemic heart disease morbidity and mortality

Heart doi:10.1136/heartjnl-2014-306165
  • Cardiac risk factors and prevention
  • Original article

Relationship between fine particulate air pollution and ischaemic heart disease morbidity and mortality

  1. Wuxiang Xie1Gang Li2Dong Zhao1Xueqin Xie3Zaihua Wei2Wei Wang1Miao Wang1Guoxing Li4Wanru Liu3Jiayi Sun1Zhangrong Jia1Qian Zhang1Jing Liu1

+Author Affiliations


  1. 1Department of Epidemiology, Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing Institute of Heart, Lung and Blood Vessel Diseases, Beijing, China

  2. 2Information Statistics Center, Beijing Center for Diseases Prevention and Control, Beijing, China

  3. 3Beijing Public Health Information Center, Beijing, China

  4. 4Department of Occupational and Environmental Health, School of Public Health, Peking University, Beijing, China
  1. Correspondence toProfessor Jing Liu, Department of Epidemiology, Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing Institute of Heart, Lung and Blood Vessel Diseases, No. 2 Anzhen Street, Chaoyang District, Beijing, China; ejingliu@163.com

Abstract

Objective To assess the relationship between fine particulate matter (PM2.5) concentration and ischaemic heart disease (IHD) morbidity and mortality.

Methods A time-series study conducted in Beijing from 1 January 2010 to 31 December 2012. Data on 369 469 IHD cases and 53 247 IHD deaths were collected by the Beijing Monitoring System for Cardiovascular Diseases, which covers all hospital admissions and deaths from IHD from Beijing’s population of 19.61 million.

Results The mean daily PM2.5 concentration was 96.2 μg/m3 with a range from 3.9 to 493.9 μg/m3. Only 15.3% of the daily PM2.5 concentrations achieved WHO Air Quality Guidelines target (25 μg/m3) in the study period. The dose–response relationships between PM2.5 and IHD morbidity and mortality were non-linear, with a steeper dose–response function at lower concentrations and a shallower response at higher concentrations. A 10 μg/m3 increase in PM2.5 was associated with a 0.27% (95% CI 0.21 to 0.33%, p<2.00×10−16) increase in IHD morbidity and a 0.25% (95% CI 0.10 to 0.40%, p=1.15×10−3) increase in mortality on the same day. During the 3 years, there were 7703 cases and 1475 deaths advanced by PM2.5pollution over expected rates if daily levels had not exceeded the WHO target.

Conclusions PM2.5 concentration was significantly associated with IHD morbidity and mortality in Beijing. Our findings provide a rationale for the urgent need for stringent control of air pollution to reduce PM2.5 concentration.

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